Jun 102013
This entry is part 11 of 12 in the series Galilean ministry

John 5:31-46

During a court trial, witnesses testify to the events that had taken place. A testimony can confirm or contradict the testimony of the person on trial. Eye witnesses and evidence help to prove a case. Hearsay is not seen as a reliable witness, because it is what somebody has heard, not experienced first-hand.

Deuteronomy 19:15-21 described the law concerning witnesses. Testimony of a single witness was not enough to find a person guilty of a crime. There had to be at least 2 or 3 witnesses, especially with a murder conviction. Disputed legal cases were taken before the Lord, priests and judge. A witness’ testimony was examined closely. A false witness would receive the same punishment he wished on his opponent.

Jesus knew the law and knew His testimony alone, would not be valid, but He was not His only witness.

Eye Witnesses

Jesus had an eye witness; in fact he had more than one eye witness.

John the Baptist was an eye witness that Jesus was the Messiah. He was described as the lamp; he was not the Light. John the Baptist’s testimony was temporal, and small in comparison to God the Father’s testimony.

Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit came to earth after Jesus ascended to heavy. He teaches us about Jesus and bears witness to Jesus Christ.

Ideal Eye Witnesses

The disciples were with Jesus from the beginning.  They were the ideal eye witnesses, because they saw everything.

Dr. Luke had the skills and credentials as a writer. He wrote the book of Luke based on the testimonies of eye witnesses who were there, who saw everything.

Peter confirmed their testimony in 2 Peter 1:16:

For we were not making up clever stories when we told you about the powerful coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. We saw his majestic splendor with our own eyes (NLT).



God the Father was an eternal witness.

The works Jesus did, the signs, wonders, and miracles, were evidence that Jesus was the Messiah, the Son of God. Jesus only did what He saw His Father do. Technically, if Jesus’ testimony wasn’t acceptable, then God the Father’s wasn’t either.

So Jesus explained, “I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself. He does only what he sees the Father doing. Whatever the Father does, the Son also does. For the Father loves the Son and shows him everything he is doing. In fact, the Father will show him how to do even greater works than healing this man. Then you will truly be astonished. (John 5:19-20 NLT)

Opposition’s Evidence

The opposition’s evidence was the books of Moses. The Scripture they relied on, which pointed to the Messiah, also bore witness that Jesus was the Messiah.

For all of God’s promises have been fulfilled in Christ with a resounding “Yes!” And through Christ, our “Amen” (which means “Yes”) ascends to God for his glory. (1 Corinthians 1:20 NLT)

They chose not to believe their own evidence. Jesus warned them that their own evidence, the Scriptures, would accuse them.

Jesus had explained to his disciples how the Scriptures would be fulfilled through Him.

Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem. You are witnesses of these things. (Luke 24:44–48 ESV)

Had they remembered this conversation with Jesus, His enemies would never have dared to bear false witnesses against Jesus. Perhaps, the reason for the mock trial in the middle of the night was, because they remembered. They knew if they followed the legal channels, they would have been obliged to present their case before God.




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Retha is passionate about the Bible, she is the author of The Four Faces, a fantasy novel, a reader, and a blogger. Follow me on Facebook, Twitter, Hubpages, Pinterest, LinkedIn Other blogs: Discover Bible Treasures and Author blog 

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  2 Responses to “Witnesses to Jesus, the Messiah”

  1. Brilliant!


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